Sclera Markings

Cataracts – Sclerology

Cataracts – Sclerology

Sclerology also looks at particular markings in the iris - Cataracts being one of these signs. More often seen in elderly people, the green copper looking hue that appears within the pupil is often an early indication of cataract formation. If eye and vision symptoms...

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Copper Toxicity – Sclerology

Copper Toxicity – Sclerology

The green ring around this iris is a Sclerology sign of excess copper build up, or copper toxicity, within the body. Copper toxicity arises when the body's regulatory mechanisms fail to maintain a balance between copper intake, absorption, utilization, and excretion....

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Gluten Intolerance – Sclerology

Gluten Intolerance – Sclerology

This perpendicular Sclerology marking within the small intestine (located in the right lower quadrant) is a common indication of a gluten intolerance. A strict gluten-free diet has been recommended with this client, with the inclusion of gut healing foods such as...

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Connective Tissue Breakdown – Sclerology

Connective Tissue Breakdown – Sclerology

Connective tissue breakdown Sclerology markings are most often located in the lateral, medial and lower quadrants, and is identified as multiple very fine hair-like parallel lines. This marking is often associated with chronic degenerative diseases, and is an...

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Comparison Study – Sclerology

Comparison Study – Sclerology

This was the first follow-up appointment for a new client I saw for the first time just 5 months prior. The first two images below were taken in early December 2015, with the second two images taken in May 2016. There is a lot to note from just these images alone, and...

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Spleen-Heart Disharmony – Sclerology

Spleen-Heart Disharmony – Sclerology

This strong Sclerology marking shows spleen-heart disharmony, indicating weakness of the spleen and heart blood. Deficiency of heart blood deprives the heart and mind of nourishment, and its symptoms can include insomnia, palpitations, poor memory, and a weakened...

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Venous Heart & Liver – Sclerology

Venous Heart & Liver – Sclerology

This right lateral sclera is indicating heavy congestion in the liver, and is creating a Sclerology marking known as liver-heart disharmony. The acidity of the liver is creating a negative influence into the venous heart, which may cause symptoms such as heart...

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Blue Heart Line – Sclerology

Blue Heart Line – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is an indication of significant and chronic stress and/or congestion in the coronary vessel - in this client it is seen in the right lateral quadrant, indicating vein involvement (if the sign were in the left, it would indicate arterial...

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Heat Bubbles – Sclerology

Heat Bubbles – Sclerology

Located superiorly in this right medial sclera quadrant are distinct 'Heat Bubbles' Sclerology markings. Heat bubbles generally occur when the body is trying to fight of an invader (eg. viral or parasitic infection - most commonly the protozoa parasite) by causing the...

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Endocrine Insufficiency – Sclerology

Endocrine Insufficiency – Sclerology

This sclera image is of a left lower quadrant, with the area of the uterus (located at 12:40 o'clock) being the focus. This area includes the uterus & cervix in females (prostate & scrotum in men), and bladder. This area is heavily congested, with many...

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Somatid (Parasite) – Sclerology

Somatid (Parasite) – Sclerology

There are many different Sclerology marking to indicate parasitic presence within the body, ranging from generalised systemic parasite presence to specific worms and parasites. The somatid parasite is distinguished by a specific marking, resembling a literary bracket...

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Thickening Line – Sclerology

Thickening Line – Sclerology

The thickening line is an acidic Sclerology marking of heightened congestion, and holds negative tendencies. A line should always be thicker at the base, and not at the tip as it nears the iris. In this sclera image this sign can be seen in the kidney area, ending in...

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Encapsulation – Sclerology

Encapsulation – Sclerology

An encapsulation is essentially a tumour or cyst, as when the body creates an encapsulation it encloses some form of foreign or unwanted material to protect the surrounding tissue or organ/s, as well as the body. This material may just be made up of excess fat...

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Blood Pressure Loop – Sclerology

Blood Pressure Loop – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is such an excellent example of a blood pressure loop, or a 'Squiggle' line. It is topolabile sign, meaning it is not relevant to its location in the sclera, and is systemic. The blood pressure loop presents exactly as it is named - as a loop...

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Anxiety Tetanic Rings – Sclerology

Anxiety Tetanic Rings – Sclerology

Although this marking is considered in Iridology, we do incorporate a brief assessment of the iris within our Sclerology consultations to explain the persons constitutional makeup and provide a better and more holistic understanding of the clients body chemistry, with...

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Tiny Fork (Pain Line) – Sclerology

Tiny Fork (Pain Line) – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is not a common one, and has been named as a pain line local to where it is positioned in the sclera. This right lower sclera quadrant shows a a tiny fork moving into the transverse colon. Upon questioning, this client advised that they had...

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Pinguicula – Sclerology

Pinguicula – Sclerology

A Pinguicula Sclerology marking resembles a globule of fat on the outer layer of the sclera (conjunctiva) to the left or right of the iris, most often with a yellowish appearance. The Pinguicula represents fat metabolism dysfunction at the level of the liver, with...

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Detour – Sclerology

Detour – Sclerology

The 'detour' Sclerology marking is a sign of neoplasm development. In this sclera image the detour is showing in the parathyroid area (located medially from the caruncle and toward the upper eyelid), with the lower line crossing over the wavy line located superiorly...

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Healing – Sclerology

Healing – Sclerology

When the body heals itself, or surgery takes place, the lines or markings showing the congested area of the body in the sclera will also fade, eventually disappearing. The only Sclerology markings that will not fade that have been present in your sclera from a very...

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Cholesterol Ring – Sclerology

Cholesterol Ring – Sclerology

The 'cholesterol ring' Sclerology marking represents negative cholesterol levels, or elevated LDL (bad cholesterol) levels in the body. It presents as a discoloured ring around the outer edge of the iris, and is commonly seen in the elderly, as well as those suffering...

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Labyrinth (Fungi) – Sclerology

Labyrinth (Fungi) – Sclerology

The 'labyrinth' Sclerology marking in this lateral sclera image may be difficult to see with an untrained eye, however, once you have identified it it should jump right out at you! The labyrinth marking is an indication of systemic fungal infection, and can show...

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Sandwich Line (Vascular Plaque Build-Up) – Sclerology

Sandwich Line (Vascular Plaque Build-Up) – Sclerology

The 'Sandwich Line' Sclerology marking presents as a thick line sandwiched between two thinner lines. It represents vascular plaque and fatty build-up, and almost always has a direct relation to poor diet and lifestyle behaviours, and lack of exercise. This sign may...

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Viral Lines – Sclerology

Viral Lines – Sclerology

'Viral lines' Sclerology marking present as two or three fine, mostly straightish, lines in the sclera. The above sclera image of a right medial quadrant has many viral lines showing in the conjunctiva. They can be currently active, past, or laying dormant, having not...

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Bitot’s Spot – Sclerology

Bitot’s Spot – Sclerology

A 'Bitot's Spot' Sclerology marking is a sign of vitamin A deficiency and appears medially and laterally toward the border of the iris as a superficial, opaque, foamy patch in the conjunctiva. Common signs & symptoms of vitamin A deficiency are dry eyes, night...

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Cystine Deposits – Sclerology

Cystine Deposits – Sclerology

Cystine is a semi-essential amino acid, the most important of the 3 amino acids (glycine, glutamate, cystine), that are required by the body for the production of glutathione. Cystine deposits are accumulations of crystalline cystine in the sclera and cornea. Seen...

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Boxes – Sclerology

Boxes – Sclerology

This sclera image shows, at this stage relatively faintly, Sclerology marking 'boxing' in the lymph/breast area. This marking presents as its name suggests, shaped like open-ended boxes. It represents local tissue hardening, and can suggest possible nodes or polyps....

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Melanin – Sclerology

Melanin – Sclerology

This right lateral sclera image shows melanin pigment, the brownish coloured 'splotch' you can see in the sclera. This Sclerology marking is common as a pigmentation spot in a person with darker skin and brown/hazel eyes, representing a genetic predisposition to liver...

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Parasites & Worms – Sclerology

Parasites & Worms – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows a very distinct parasite Sclerology marking – a Protozoa to be specific. The line (in the left of the sclera) is very red and acidic and is shaped like a hook. Attached to this  ‘hook’ are multiple enclosed spaces (circles or boxes) which...

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Enzyme Metabolism Dysfunction – Sclerology

Enzyme Metabolism Dysfunction – Sclerology

The above sclera photo of a left upper quadrant shows two distinct enzyme metabolism dysfunction (EMD) signs. The Sclerology marking appears as a squiggly line hooked at the end, with a fine line continuing on the from the hook toward the iris. Common symptoms...

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Metabolic Cloud – Sclerology

Metabolic Cloud – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking has a distinctive blue/grey bruise like appearance in the sclera, as seen in the right lateral quadrant below. Usually seen in the medial or lateral sides of the eye and in persons over age 60, this marking position can be important to the...

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Bordered Meander (Vascular Degeneration) – Sclerology

Bordered Meander (Vascular Degeneration) – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking indicates congestion, hardening, thickening, loss of elasticity, and degeneration of vascular walls and possibly heart valves. The medical terms ‘artherosclerosis’ and 'arteriosclerosis' can both be applied in this instance, with the client...

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Sugar Fermentation – Sclerology

Sugar Fermentation – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows substantial sugar fermentation with resulting bacteria (the brown cloudy patches are the Sclerology marking). The sugar fermentation shows as blue or purplish spots at the end of a line, which can eventually lead to bacteria due to the...

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Fine Webbing – Sclerology

Fine Webbing – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows a 'fine webbing' Sclerology marking – a sign located in the bronchial area showing evidence of high toxicity and possible development of high tissue vulnerability. This can be due to secondary smoke inhalation or chemical inhalation from...

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Venous Insufficiency – Sclerology

Venous Insufficiency – Sclerology

The above sclera shows some 'venous insufficiency' Sclerology markings – the blue marking in the sclera to the left of the iris. This means that there is insufficient levels of oxygen in the bloodstream, an inherited tendency to venous system inadequacy and can cause...

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Liver Dysfunction – Sclerology

Liver Dysfunction – Sclerology

The above sclera image has a very strong, acidic line running into the liver area of the sclera (to the left of the iris). This shows acute congestion of the liver and this Sclerology marking is simply called the Liver Dysfunction sign. This may be caused from...

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Chemical Liver – Sclerology

Chemical Liver – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows some slight chemical liver Sclerology markings (the red, acidic flickers of lines that do not join to anything). This sign can reflect excessive amounts of OTC drugs, recreational drugs, prescription medication and/or alcohol or smoking...

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Drug Embedment – Sclerology

Drug Embedment – Sclerology

The sclera image above shows a distinct Sclerology marking of drug embedment primarily in the colon – a straight line running parallel to a wavy line. This is a D1, early stages of drug imbedment of simple tissue. This can be reversed and the lines will, in turn, fade...

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Drug Induced Tissue Destruction – Sclerology

Drug Induced Tissue Destruction – Sclerology

The above sclera shows two Sclerology markings of concern in the right lower quadrant. As you look at the eye, the deep lines to the right are in the area of the prostate (this client is male – if they were female, it would be noted as the uterus). There is a...

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Uneven Parallels (Fatty Buildup) – Sclerology

Uneven Parallels (Fatty Buildup) – Sclerology

There are multiple 'uneven parallels'  (Sclerology markings) in the medial quadrant of this right eye. This sign presents as it is named, as uneven parallels (one thicker line parallel to a thinner line), and indicates a degree of fatty buildup within the arterial...

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The Perpendicular – Sclerology

The Perpendicular – Sclerology

The Perpendicular Sclerology marking is a sign that shows trauma, from either cyst, tumour or physical injury, and is represented as one line joining another – usually from the in- or outside of a semi-circular line. This sign often appears in the uterine and...

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