Sclera Markings

Cataracts – Sclerology

Cataracts – Sclerology

Sclerology also looks at particular markings in the iris - Cataracts being one of these signs. More often seen in elderly people, the green copper looking hue that appears within the pupil is often an early indication of cataract formation. If eye and vision symptoms are occurring, it is recommended to see an optometrist for further testing.  Symptoms of cataracts include: Clouded, blurred or dim vision Trouble seeing at night Sensitivity to light and glare Need for brighter light for reading...

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Copper Toxicity – Sclerology

Copper Toxicity – Sclerology

The green ring around the iris is a sign of excess copper build up, or copper toxicity, within the body. This can be due to overexposure of copper, and is often seen in older people that have used copper cookware and copper piping for water etc. Although copper is an essential trace mineral, high amounts are toxic and can contribute to many health conditions such as autoimmune disorders. View product recommendations below for heavy metal detoxification.   

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Gluten Intolerance – Sclerology

Gluten Intolerance – Sclerology

This perpendicular Sclerology marking within the small intestine (located in the right lower quadrant) is a common indication of a gluten intolerance. A strict gluten-free diet has been recommended with this client, with the inclusion of gut healing foods such as grass fed colostrum (if dairy is not tolerated, goat colostrum would be recommended - get it here Mt Capra Goat Colostrum),  ferments and bone broths. In the realm of digestive health, gluten intolerance stands as a prevalent yet...

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Connective Tissue Breakdown – Sclerology

Connective Tissue Breakdown – Sclerology

Connective tissue breakdown Sclerology markings are most often located in the lateral, medial and lower quadrants, and is identified as multiple very fine hair-like parallel lines. This marking is often associated with chronic degenerative diseases, and is an indication of advanced breakdown of collagen and connective tissue within the body. It can give an indication of low functioning organs, diminishing senses, and insufficiency within normal detoxification pathways leading to increased...

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Comparison Study – Sclerology

Comparison Study – Sclerology

This was the first follow-up appointment for a new client I saw for the first time just 5 months prior. The first two images below were taken in early December 2015, with the second two images taken in May 2016. There is a lot to note from just these images alone, and is easy to see by even an untrained eye that there has been a dramatic change and improvement in their Sclerology markings. Firstly, the initial images show significant adrenal fatigue due to the enlarged pupils - which are now...

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Spleen-Heart Disharmony – Sclerology

Spleen-Heart Disharmony – Sclerology

This strong Sclerology marking shows spleen-heart disharmony, indicating weakness of the spleen and heart blood. Deficiency of heart blood deprives the heart and mind of nourishment, and its symptoms can include insomnia, palpitations, poor memory, and a weakened pulse. Deficiency of the spleen may impair its function of transportation and cause symptoms of reduced appetite, abdominal distension and loose stools. Spleen and blood support is strongly recommended with this client, from both...

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Venous Heart & Liver – Sclerology

Venous Heart & Liver – Sclerology

This right lateral sclera is indicating heavy congestion in the liver, and is creating a Sclerology marking known as liver-heart disharmony. The acidity of the liver is creating a negative influence into the venous heart, which may cause symptoms such as heart palpitations, abdominal distension, and hot spots/burning sensation throughout certain areas of the body. A dramatic change in diet and lifestyle, as well as thorough detoxification of the liver is strongly recommended with this client.

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Blue Heart Line – Sclerology

Blue Heart Line – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is an indication of significant and chronic stress and/or congestion in the coronary vessel - in this client it is seen in the right lateral quadrant, indicating vein involvement (if the sign were in the left, it would indicate arterial involvement). This Blue Heart Line can often form due to inherited tendencies, which is the case in this client. An emphasis on heart health is strongly recommended to a client with this sclera marking. https://hdmovie2.st/

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Heat Bubbles – Sclerology

Heat Bubbles – Sclerology

Located superiorly in this right medial sclera quadrant are distinct 'Heat Bubbles' Sclerology markings. Heat bubbles generally occur when the body is trying to fight of an invader (eg. viral or parasitic infection - most commonly the protozoa parasite) by causing the body's temperature to rise in hopes of burning it off. Unfortunately, this heat can often cause damage to surrounding tissues and organs. The heat bubbles seen in this quadrant are located in the areas of the mouth and tonsils...

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Endocrine Insufficiency – Sclerology

Endocrine Insufficiency – Sclerology

This sclera image is of a left lower quadrant, with the area of the uterus (located at 12:40 o'clock) being the focus. This area includes the uterus & cervix in females (prostate & scrotum in men), and bladder. This area is heavily congested, with many different kinds of Sclerology markings and very strong parasitic involvement. There is also an adjoining line coming from the thyroid (located in the medial quadrant) through to the uterus, which indicates endocrine immune compromise and...

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Somatid (Parasite) – Sclerology

Somatid (Parasite) – Sclerology

There are many different Sclerology marking to indicate parasitic presence within the body, ranging from generalised systemic parasite presence to specific worms and parasites. The somatid parasite is distinguished by a specific marking, resembling a literary bracket - seen to the right of this sclera image, and located in the area of the uterus/bladder. The somatid is the smallest organism known to man, is pleomorphic (meaning it can morph into many forms), and is influenced by its...

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P2: Open Local Secondary Infection (Viral) – Sclerology

P2: Open Local Secondary Infection (Viral) – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is present through the back area in this client, and is identified as three thin parallel lines configured close together. The P2 marking is a sign of local, but secondary, viral infection suggesting an extremely weakened immune system, often spreading to surrounding tissues. The severity of the infection is usually dependent on the environmental circumstances (tissue acidity) and toxicity, as well as being heavily influenced by mental/emotional stressors. In these...

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Thickening Line – Sclerology

Thickening Line – Sclerology

The thickening line is an acidic Sclerology marking of heightened congestion, and holds negative tendencies. A line should always be thicker at the base, and not at the tip as it nears the iris. In this sclera image this sign can be seen in the kidney area, ending in the ureter. It passes through the adrenals (which sit atop the kidneys), indicating a degree of adrenal fatigue and congestion. We would suspect that this person may suffer kidney pain at times, with susceptibilities to bladder...

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Encapsulation – Sclerology

Encapsulation – Sclerology

An encapsulation is essentially a tumour or cyst, as when the body creates an encapsulation it encloses some form of foreign or unwanted material to protect the surrounding tissue or organ/s, as well as the body. This material may just be made up of excess fat globules, or could be heavy metals, or it may be due to parasitic presence from a parasite such as the Protozoa. The encapsulation sign usually represents a non-threatening benign circumstance, however, depending on other Sclerology...

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Blood Pressure Loop – Sclerology

Blood Pressure Loop – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is such an excellent example of a blood pressure loop, or a 'Squiggle' line. It is topolabile sign, meaning it is not relevant to its location in the sclera, and is systemic. The blood pressure loop presents exactly as it is named - as a loop along a line, sometimes looping multiple times. It is an indication of a blood pressure abnormality, signalling either high or low blood pressure in a person. Further questioning of signs and symptoms, as well as examination of...

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Anxiety Tetanic Rings – Sclerology

Anxiety Tetanic Rings – Sclerology

Although this marking is considered in Iridology, we do incorporate a brief assessment of the iris within our Sclerology consultations to explain the persons constitutional makeup and provide a better and more holistic understanding of the clients body chemistry, with particular tendencies to weakness. 'Anxiety Tetanic Rings' are the rings you see here running around the pupil, in the colour part of the iris. They show a tendency in the person to create a heightened level of stress in their...

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Tiny Fork (Pain Line) – Sclerology

Tiny Fork (Pain Line) – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking is not a common one, and has been named as a pain line local to where it is positioned in the sclera. This right lower sclera quadrant shows a a tiny fork moving into the transverse colon. Upon questioning, this client advised that they had recently had a colonoscopy whereby polyps were surgically removed, which explains this marking perfectly. Interestingly enough, at a later date this client had also had surgical intervention to remove uterine cysts, however no pain...

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Pinguicula – Sclerology

Pinguicula – Sclerology

A Pinguicula Sclerology marking resembles a globule of fat on the outer layer of the sclera (conjunctiva) to the left or right of the iris, most often with a yellowish appearance. The Pinguicula represents fat metabolism dysfunction at the level of the liver, with associated symptoms of nausea and fatigue after eating fatty foods - especially superheated and deepfried foods. As this sign shows a sluggish or insufficient digestive system, enzymes, herbs and specific foods would be suggested to...

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Detour – Sclerology

Detour – Sclerology

The 'detour' Sclerology marking is a sign of neoplasm development. In this sclera image the detour is showing in the parathyroid area (located medially from the caruncle and toward the upper eyelid), with the lower line crossing over the wavy line located superiorly in a detoured fashion. This sign is often associated with worms and parasites, so it is important to incorporate a parasite & worm cleanse within the treatment process in this circumstance. You may notice that this marking does...

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Healing – Sclerology

Healing – Sclerology

When the body heals itself, or surgery takes place, the lines or markings showing the congested area of the body in the sclera will also fade, eventually disappearing. The only Sclerology markings that will not fade that have been present in your sclera from a very young age (of around 6 months) are primary lines. Primary lines are indications of our body's inherited genetic tendencies. These lines will show in different areas of the sclera and relate to tendencies to weakness in certain...

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Cholesterol Ring – Sclerology

Cholesterol Ring – Sclerology

The 'cholesterol ring' Sclerology marking represents negative cholesterol levels, or elevated LDL (bad cholesterol) levels in the body. It presents as a discoloured ring around the outer edge of the iris, and is commonly seen in the elderly, as well as those suffering from obesity. In conjunction to the cholesterol ring, there may be uneven parallel lines or sandwich lines showing fat or plaque build-up in the arteries. In this circumstance, a change in diet is essential in reducing LDL...

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Labyrinth (Fungi) – Sclerology

Labyrinth (Fungi) – Sclerology

The 'labyrinth' Sclerology marking in this lateral sclera image may be difficult to see with an untrained eye, however, once you have identified it it should jump right out at you! The labyrinth marking is an indication of systemic fungal infection, and can show involvement of up to six different types of fungi. It appears as its name suggest, a labyrinth-like structure - in this image it is located half-way along multiple lines (viral lines) extending from the upper left and is situated just...

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Sandwich Line (Vascular Plaque Build-Up) – Sclerology

Sandwich Line (Vascular Plaque Build-Up) – Sclerology

The 'Sandwich Line' Sclerology marking presents as a thick line sandwiched between two thinner lines. It represents vascular plaque and fatty build-up, and almost always has a direct relation to poor diet and lifestyle behaviours, and lack of exercise. This sign may also be seen in those with a family history of coronary heart disease, showing a possible genetic tendency for CV and heart disease. A focus on positive diet and lifestyle behaviours with incorporation of regular exercise is...

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Viral Lines – Sclerology

Viral Lines – Sclerology

'Viral lines' Sclerology marking present as two or three fine, mostly straightish, lines in the sclera. The above sclera image of a right medial quadrant has many viral lines showing in the conjunctiva. They can be currently active, past, or laying dormant, having not yet begun their attack on the hosts immune system! This sign is not to be confused with the similar 'Uneven Parallel' marking (related to fatty build-up in the arteries), which differs slightly by presenting one line thicker than...

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Bitot’s Spot – Sclerology

Bitot’s Spot – Sclerology

A 'Bitot's Spot' Sclerology marking is a sign of vitamin A deficiency and appears medially and laterally toward the border of the iris as a superficial, opaque, foamy patch in the conjunctiva. Common signs & symptoms of vitamin A deficiency are dry eyes, night blindness, dry skin, dry brittle hair, and are common in people with fat and vitamin malabsorption such as coeliac disease. Depending on your liver function, either an animal or plant based vitamin A supplement or food source would...

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Cystine Deposits – Sclerology

Cystine Deposits – Sclerology

Cystine is a semi-essential amino acid, the most important of the 3 amino acids (glycine, glutamate, cystine), that are required by the body for the production of glutathione. Cystine deposits are accumulations of crystalline cystine in the sclera and cornea. Seen above located toward the palpebral conjunctiva, the Sclerology markings resemble little grains of rock salt or snow flakes in the sclera. This occurs at a cellular level when the body is not sufficiently breaking down and...

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Boxes – Sclerology

Boxes – Sclerology

This sclera image shows, at this stage relatively faintly, Sclerology marking 'boxing' in the lymph/breast area. This marking presents as its name suggests, shaped like open-ended boxes. It represents local tissue hardening, and can suggest possible nodes or polyps. This sign can appear in any area of the sclera as topostabile (meaning directly relevant to the system or organ the marking is occurring in), representing hardening of tissue or organ caused by infection, trauma or injury. As this...

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Melanin – Sclerology

Melanin – Sclerology

This right lateral sclera image shows melanin pigment, the brownish coloured 'splotch' you can see in the sclera. This Sclerology marking is common as a pigmentation spot in a person with darker skin and brown/hazel eyes, representing a genetic predisposition to liver dysfunction. However it does not present the same pathological circumstance as when the melanin sign appears in a blue eyed, fairer skinned person, which is more important/consequential. When the melanin is located close to the...

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Parasites & Worms – Sclerology

Parasites & Worms – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows a very distinct parasite Sclerology marking – a Protozoa to be specific. The line (in the left of the sclera) is very red and acidic and is shaped like a hook. Attached to this  ‘hook’ are multiple enclosed spaces (circles or boxes) which is also an indicator that worms and parasites are present in the body. Parasites play a major role in the disease process, and can be detectable in many different signs within the sclera and the body. Many parasites, worms and...

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Enzyme Metabolism Dysfunction – Sclerology

Enzyme Metabolism Dysfunction – Sclerology

The above sclera photo of a left upper quadrant shows two distinct enzyme metabolism dysfunction (EMD) signs. The Sclerology marking appears as a squiggly line hooked at the end, with a fine line continuing on the from the hook toward the iris. Common symptoms involved with this sign are low energy levels, ongoing headaches and a fading memory or foggy head. This client has an inherited liver function problem, which is most likely the cause of the EMD signs appearing in his sclera's. A blood...

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Metabolic Cloud – Sclerology

Metabolic Cloud – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking has a distinctive blue/grey bruise like appearance in the sclera, as seen in the right lateral quadrant below. Usually seen in the medial or lateral sides of the eye and in persons over age 60, this marking position can be important to the heart and throat areas, the central aspect of lymphatic-immune and the vital throat centre – the principle organising energy centre of the body. This sign indicates a significant weakness in the transfer of nutrients and waste...

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Bordered Meander (Vascular Degeneration) – Sclerology

Bordered Meander (Vascular Degeneration) – Sclerology

This Sclerology marking indicates congestion, hardening, thickening, loss of elasticity, and degeneration of vascular walls and possibly heart valves. The medical terms ‘artherosclerosis’ and 'arteriosclerosis' can both be applied in this instance, with the client being diagnosed with such conditions by a medical practitioner. The thicker and more convoluted the ‘snake’ part of the sign, potentially the worse the condition. In some cases, this sign can involve substance abuse of some kind,...

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Sugar Fermentation – Sclerology

Sugar Fermentation – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows substantial sugar fermentation with resulting bacteria (the brown cloudy patches are the Sclerology marking). The sugar fermentation shows as blue or purplish spots at the end of a line, which can eventually lead to bacteria due to the fermentation. This shows that there is a sugar metabolism dysfunction within the body, but can also be a sign of systemic bacterial infection. This may cause symptoms of light-headedness or sleepiness within 30 minutes of eating a...

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Fine Webbing – Sclerology

Fine Webbing – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows a 'fine webbing' Sclerology marking – a sign located in the bronchial area showing evidence of high toxicity and possible development of high tissue vulnerability. This can be due to secondary smoke inhalation or chemical inhalation from use of pesticides or industrial chemicals. Like most compromised health conditions within the body, correct nutrition, cleansing and removal of the suspected cause can see a dramatic increase in health and reversal of possible...

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Venous Insufficiency – Sclerology

Venous Insufficiency – Sclerology

The above sclera shows some 'venous insufficiency' Sclerology markings – the blue marking in the sclera to the left of the iris. This means that there is insufficient levels of oxygen in the bloodstream, an inherited tendency to venous system inadequacy and can cause some stagnation and circulation problems. Symptoms may include sluggishness, cold hands and feet due to poor circulation, poor memory and a ‘foggy’ head. Eating a diet in oxygen rich plants, along with supplementation of CoQ10 can...

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Liver Dysfunction – Sclerology

Liver Dysfunction – Sclerology

The above sclera image has a very strong, acidic line running into the liver area of the sclera (to the left of the iris). This shows acute congestion of the liver and this Sclerology marking is simply called the Liver Dysfunction sign. This may be caused from excessive intake of alcohol and drugs, an unhealthy diet high in processed foods or a profession in which airborne smoke-type toxins were regularly inhaled. This can be a common sign, with some sort of liver congestion evident in most...

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Chemical Liver – Sclerology

Chemical Liver – Sclerology

The above sclera image shows some slight chemical liver Sclerology markings (the red, acidic flickers of lines that do not join to anything). This sign can reflect excessive amounts of OTC drugs, recreational drugs, prescription medication and/or alcohol or smoking abuse in the diet. There is also a slight pinguicula worth noting- the yellowy opaque marking just to the right of the iris. This signals problems in dealing with saturated fats, especially superheated oils, which can mean a vitamin...

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Drug Embedment – Sclerology

Drug Embedment – Sclerology

The sclera image above shows a distinct Sclerology marking of drug embedment primarily in the colon – a straight line running parallel to a wavy line. This is a D1, early stages of drug imbedment of simple tissue. This can be reversed and the lines will, in turn, fade away with correct cleansing and nutrition. However, if the issue and general health of the individual is not addressed, it could lead to drug-induced lowered function, loss of function, tissue destruction and eventually...

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Drug Induced Tissue Destruction – Sclerology

Drug Induced Tissue Destruction – Sclerology

The above sclera shows two Sclerology markings of concern in the right lower quadrant. As you look at the eye, the deep lines to the right are in the area of the prostate (this client is male – if they were female, it would be noted as the uterus). There is a meandered line partnered with a straight line, however, at the top of the meander there is an additional line (a stubby) that joins across to the straight line. This sign indicates that initial drug imbedment has now advanced to...

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Uneven Parallels (Fatty Buildup) – Sclerology

Uneven Parallels (Fatty Buildup) – Sclerology

There are multiple 'uneven parallels'  (Sclerology markings) in the medial quadrant of this right eye. This sign presents as it is named, as uneven parallels (one thicker line parallel to a thinner line), and indicates a degree of fatty buildup within the arterial walls. Although in this circumstance these lines here are are quite faint and thin, they are present throughout both of this client's eyes which may indicate a growing issue that should be monitored. If accompanied by fat metabolism...

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The Perpendicular – Sclerology

The Perpendicular – Sclerology

The Perpendicular Sclerology marking is a sign that shows trauma, from either cyst, tumour or physical injury, and is represented as one line joining another – usually from the in- or outside of a semi-circular line. This sign often appears in the uterine and testicular areas, usually present in clients suffering from neoplastic testicular/prostate involvement or cystic ovaries. Some people’s bodies just like to make cysts/tumours, more often than not though they are benign. It is important to...

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